As Shakespeare said, “the pen is mightier than the sword.” However, the pen alone is not enough to make an effective writer. In fact, while we all like to think of ourselves as the next Shakespeare, inspiration alone is not the key to an effective essay.

Considering that you may be thinking or even writing an essay, let us help you understand the structure of an essay in just five steps. This type of essay is an excellent training tool for any academic work because if you can structure and organize everything that really matters in just five paragraphs, your ability to focus and synthesize will make anyone jealous.

By writing a Five Paragraph Essay, you will be prepared for any academic work as it is the perfect exercise to learn how to organize your ideas and focus on what really matters, leaving what does not matter aside. Although the most advanced scholarly work has its own category and structure, elementary school and colleges have a standardized essay structure consisting of five paragraphs.

The idea behind this structure is to make it easier for the reader to navigate ideas presented in an essay.

Writing an Essay – The Introduction

The main purpose of the introduction is to present your position (also known as thesis or argument) on the subject in question. However, the paragraph of introduction has a secret to be effective. Before you even get to the presentation of your position on a certain subject, you should start with something that captivates and captures the reader, something that catches the attention of the reader and makes him want, really needs, to continue reading. Effective phrases and phrases often include “no man is an island” or astonishing statistics like “three out of four doctors report that …”

Only after capturing the reader’s attention should you move to your position or argument. Your argument should be clear, a sentence explaining your position and that leave no doubt in the reader’s mind about which side you are at the beginning of your essay.

After your taken position, you should provide a short sketch that will allow the reader to identify your position during the remaining paragraphs of the essay, ie the examples you will use to support your thesis. This step not only allows the reader to know what wait, but also gives them a clearer understanding of the subject of the essay. In this way, we can see that the basic introduction need not have much more than three or four sentences in length.

As an example, we make an introductory paragraph for an essay in response to the following question: Do we learn more from what we discover when we make mistakes or when our actions succeed?

His introduction could be something like: “No man is an island” and as such he is constantly shaped and influenced by his experiences. People learn by doing and consequently learn much more from their mistakes than from their successes. To prove this, consider examples of science and everyday experience.

Do not Forget: Because this is the first paragraph of your essay, it is your opportunity to give the reader the best first impression possible. The introductory paragraph not only gives the reader an idea of ​​what you are going to say, but also shows you how you are going to talk about it. Strive to get off to a good start.

Avoid Passive Voice: The active voice in which subjects direct actions instead of letting actions happen with them is a much more powerful and attractive way of writing (eg, “it scored 97%” rather than “it has received 97%. “) At the same time, unless it’s a personal narrative, avoid personal pronouns such as myself or mine, instead try to be more general and you will get your reader hooked on your essay.

The Essay Body

The central paragraphs of the essay are collectively known as the body paragraphs and the main purpose of the essay body is to explain in detail the examples that support its thesis.

For the first paragraph of the body you should use your strongest argument or most significant example, unless another more obvious starting point (as in the case of chronological explanations) is needed. The first sentence of this paragraph should be the top sentence of the paragraph that relates directly to the examples listed in the small outline of the introductory paragraph.

Even the most famous examples need context. The reader needs to know what point you are referring to and it is your job as the writer to paint the appropriate image for them. To do this, it is a good idea to provide the reader with five or six relevant facts about the life (in general) or event (in particular) that you believe most clearly illustrates your point.

Having done this, you need to explain exactly why this example proves your thesis. The importance of this step can not be underestimated (although clearly it can be underlined); This is, after all, the whole reason why you are providing the example first.

The weaker points should be referred to in the middle of the body paragraphs, and any other strengths other than those mentioned in the first paragraph should be mentioned in the last paragraph of the body.

Do not Forget: Connect things with logic. The first sentence – the phrase phrase – of your body paragraphs needs to have a lot of individual parts to be truly effective. Not only must it open with a transition that signals the switch from one idea to the next, but it must (ideally) also have a common thread that ties all paragraphs together. For example, if you used “first” in the first paragraph of the body, then you should use “second” in the second or “on the one hand” and “on the other hand” accordingly.

Do not be too general: Examples should be relevant to the thesis as well as the explanatory details you provide. It may be difficult to summarize the total wealth of a given example in just a few lines to make them count, but use only examples that demonstrate your point.

Transitions When You’re Writing an Essay

Transitions are very important when you are writing an essay. Although the body paragraph aligns very well with the sketch provided in the introduction, there is one great exception: the first few words. These words will be a transitional phrase – “beyond”, “in contrast” and “on the other hand” – and are the hallmark of good writing.

Transition phrases are useful for showing the reader where one section ends and another begins. It may be useful to see them as the written equivalent of the types of spoken signals used in formal discourses that signal the end of one set of ideas and the beginning of another. In essence, they take the reader from one section of the paragraph to the other.

You should use these transition phrases in each of the sections.

The conclusion

Although the paragraph of conclusion comes at the end it should not be seen as a final thought. The conclusion being the last paragraph, it represents your last chance to reinforce your point of view and as such should follow an extremely rigid format.

One way of thinking the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction, because it does in fact contain many of the same characteristics. It does not need to be too long, four well-crafted sentences should suffice. Effective conclusions open with a conclusive transition (“in conclusion”, “at the end”, etc.). After that, you should immediately provide a recasting of your thesis statement.

This should be the fourth or fifth time you repeat your argument, so you should vary in the choice of words. This echo effect not only reinforces his argument but also binds him very well to the second key element of the conclusion: a brief (two or three words suffices) review of the three main points of the body of the article.

Having done all this, the final element – and final sentence in his essay – must be a “global statement” or “call to action” that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end.

Be Powerful: The paragraph of completion may be a difficult paragraph to write effectively, but as it is your last chance to convince or impress the reader, it pays to invest some extra time. Take this opportunity to reaffirm your thesis with confidence; If you present your argument as “obvious,” then the reader can do the same.

Do not copy the first paragraph: Although you can reuse the same keywords in conclusion as you did in the introduction, try not copying entire sentences. Instead, try using this last paragraph to really show off your skills.

Practice a lot, good luck!